I think that we should now consider the current regional economic layout with a new way of thinking. Although the original mountain is still the mountain, the water is still the water, the city is still the city, but there must be a new way of thinking because of the regional layout of China. The connotation has changed a lot. In recent years, I have participated in the evaluation of the Yangtze River Economic Belt Strategy, the assessment of the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the assessment of China’s opening up, the preliminary research of the Hainan Free Trade Zone, and the “Belt and Road” strategy.
From 2014 to now, there are different angles of research every year. I feel that our thoughts on regional economic development should be subject to some major adjustments and advance with the times. The traditional regional economic theory should be innovative under the new pattern. Consider the new layout of the area with a new way of thinking. Through this period of time, the relevant tracking research on the regional economy, including the current Sino-US issues, the study of international issues, the regional layout of the country, and the theoretical innovations are all here, I would like to say a few points in the work:
First, the world has entered an unprecedented fierce competition and game between big powers. Competition and game between big countries, in the future, which country will compete for economic development, resilience, vitality, development space, and room for manoeuvre. In this regard, President Xi Jinping pointed out in many important speeches that the central document also stated that China’s own affairs should be done well. It is vital to do a good job of China’s own affairs and reshape the layout of the region.
There have been several major adjustments and evolutions in China’s current regional layout. Some things have evolved unconsciously, and some have been formed by national regional planning and regional layout policy adjustments. I think there are several points that are particularly prominent:
First, a number of world-class large urban agglomerations have been formed. The world-class large urban agglomerations are not self-styled. For example, the first target of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District is the world-class large urban agglomeration; the strategic positioning of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development is also World-class large urban agglomerations; Yangtze River Economic Belt and other three urban agglomerations; the Yangtze River Delta integration is also developing towards a number of world-class large urban agglomerations.
Second, under the overall strategy of “One Belt, One Road”, a new regional layout of internal and external linkages will be formed. China’s 22,000-kilometer border will become a new frontier of openness along the border, becoming a space transition zone between China and foreign countries and becoming a neighboring country. An important frontier of new economic ties or bridgeheads. This year, in Beijing, we will hold the 2nd International Summit Cooperation Forum of “Belt and Road”. The number of countries that have signed “One Belt and One Road” cooperation agreement and memorandum of understanding with China has reached 124. Italy was newly signed during President Xi Jinping’s visit. There are 29 international organizations that have signed cooperation agreements with China.
The current regional layout is actually not only in the domestic layout, but also the layout of domestic and foreign linkages, such as the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor. In the past, Myanmar’s attitude towards China was also very complicated. Now Myanmar has established the “Belt and Road” Steering Committee, Chairman It is the capital of Aung San Suu Kyi, and Aung San Suu Kyi regards the construction of the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor as the top priority of Myanmar. Therefore, the regional layout has undergone a very big change, not only the relationship between the main provinces of Yunnan and Myanmar, but also the relationship between the Yangtze River Economic Belt and Myanmar. There are also some key cities and Myanmar relations, such as Myanmar’s planning of one hundred square kilometers of Yangon New City. Yangon New City is developed, constructed and constructed according to the model of China’s special economic zones.
The regional layout of developed cities such as Shanghai and Shenzhen is a point-like, that is, the layout of internal and external linkages, so we can only see the regional layout statically. Also look at it dynamically. For example, the China-Laos Economic Corridor, the China-Laos Railway, and the planned 414-kilometer to Vientiane, Laos planning the future along the China-Laos Railway Economic Belt, from Xishuangbanna in Yunnan as a starting point to Laos, to Laos and then to the Sino-Thai Railway in the future. Enter the Gulf of Thailand and go south to Singapore. Such a regional arrangement at home and abroad has enabled the Trans-Asian Railway to connect China and the Indo-China Peninsula into one. This economic corridor has a new passage, which not only transforms Laos from Lusuo to Lulian, China has a new sea passage through Laos and Thailand. In the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor, the biggest resistance came from Myanmar and India, but Myanmar is the starting point of China Unicom and is crucial. On the western front of the Trans-Asian Railway, Myanmar was the largest fortress. Now Myanmar is the biggest power, so the regional layout is completely different.
Second, we have replayed the focus on the southeast coast. In fact, the industries and elements of the southeast coast are now accelerating the transfer to the central and western regions. For example, we talked about the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor in Kunming and the Myanmar government, and saw some new districts in Kunming, including provincial and national level. In such a new district, there are large enterprises that have transferred to Beijing in the past, and there are Alibaba in Hangzhou. Tencent in Shenzhen, these companies are accelerating the transfer, the industry is accelerating the transfer. For example, in Beirui Ruili, there is Beiqi Auto, which formed the production base of BAIC Motor. It quickly formed more than 200 parts suppliers in Myanmar, forming a new industrial chain layout. The leader is in China, on our side, but it is driven. The industrial chain is in the opposite country, and this regional change has triggered a new economic layout in the future.
Third, due to the extraordinary development of infrastructure and the revolution of the next generation of information technology, the spatial layout and spatial and temporal layout of the region will undergo revolutionary changes. For example, we are ushered in the era of high-speed rail. China’s high-speed rail is four vertical and four horizontal. In the future, it will shorten the distance between cities. The original urban and rural areas will become the relationship between cities and cities, and rural areas in cities. It is not the urban-rural relationship that separates urban and rural areas. The relationship between future urban agglomerations and urban agglomerations, the relationship between future economic belts and economic belts, and the high-speed rail era will shorten the space-time distance and change the pattern of urban and rural existence.
The development and advancement of the next generation of information technology infrastructure will also have a major impact on the regional economic layout. The Internet, the Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing, and cloud services will become smart cities, digital cities, and urban and rural areas. The Internet of Things and the Internet will also cause a series of changes in market forms, circulation patterns, and trade patterns. If the regional development and layout are also defined in terms of the original urban-rural relationship and regional relationship, it will not be able to adapt to the future changes in information technology and its hard infrastructure.
Moreover, our aviation network, high-speed rail network, port network, and highway network have all been formed in China. The top ten ports are seven ports in China. There are 105 countries in the world with high-speed railways built by China or railways built by China. Today’s China and the past cannot be the same. We must sum up the past experience and face the future and design the future.
Fourth, we must use the global thinking of big countries to innovate the theory of regional development. At present, the theory of regional development lags behind the regional strategic layout of the country and lags behind the fierce competition between major powers in the future. To promote and optimize regional development strategies, optimize economic and social development, and optimize the spatial layout of regional economy is the continuous driving force for China’s economic development and the new growth engine for economic development. Therefore, with a new perspective, global thinking must be optimized through land development. Layout, this layout is not only the original concept of the land, but also includes the yellow land, including the blue land, but also the transnational economic cooperation extended from the yellow land, the blue land and the link, “One Belt and One Road” “It will further connect the world and work together to build a community of human destiny.
The author is the chief economist of China International Economic Exchange Center, deputy director of the Executive Board, deputy director of the academic committee, former director of the State Council Research Office, researcher, doctoral tutor; source: Kunlun Ce, transferred from “Chen Wenling commentary”